Cat Vaccinations Veterinarian
Vaccinations are an essential part of your cat’s Preventative Healthcare. In many cases, they mean the difference between life and death, as some of the diseases we routinely vaccinate against have the potential to kill your cat. The following are a few of the most important vaccinations.
Rabies vaccination is mandatory for all pets under state law. All cats, even those that stay indoors must be current on their rabies vaccination. If you do not bring in records showing that your cat is up to date on the rabies vaccine, we may need to re-vaccinate him or her. The reason this law is set in place is that the rabies virus is a zoonotic disease, meaning that it can be transmitted between animals and people. It is nearly always fatal in any creature who is infected with it.
FVRCP protects three airborne viruses, all of which have the potential to be lethal. These are feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia. Rhinotracheitis and Calicivirus both may result in upper respiratory infections, signs of which include mild to severe nasal discharge, tongue ulcers, redness, and pain of the eyes, nose, and mouth. Panleukopenia, also called feline parvovirus and feline distemper attacks the GI and immune systems. The result is that both of these systems become compromised, leaving the cat unable to fight off further infections and to absorb nutrients. The FVRCP vaccine is initially given on multiple occasions, every 3-4 weeks from the age of 9 weeks until the kitten has reached between 16-18 weeks of age to ensure complete immunity. From thereafter, at each annual checkup, we will booster the FVRCP vaccine to that ensure your cat maintains his or her immunity.
Cats may be born with the feline leukemia virus or contract it after birth via intimate contact with another cat. In the latter case, transmission usually occurs when a kitten or young cat comes into contact with an infected cat via the milk of his or her mother, grooming, or fighting, mostly among outdoor cats, or those in multi-cat households. This disease primarily attacks the immune system of the infected cat, and can potentially lead to several kinds of cancer. This virus is among the leading causes of death in cats. The vaccination prevents the transmission of this life-threatening disease to healthy cats, and can even help protect cats already infected with feline leukemia virus from contracted other types of cancers related to this disease. Kittens should be given two vaccinations, and a booster when they reach one year old. Adult cats who go outside are also at risk, and should be re-vaccinated on annual basis.