Spaying and Neutering Veterinarian

There are many reasons owners choose to spay or neuter their pets. These include factors related to health and behavior and concerns over the current overpopulation crisis in companion animals. Regarding the latter, there are currently many more animals in need of a home than homes looking for a new pet.

When a new litter is born, it necessarily worsens this crisis. The birth of another litter means that, even if the entire litter is adopted, there are fewer homes to go around.

Health Benefits
Spaying and neutering help to Prevent several forms of diseases in cats and dogs. A spayed cat or dog has no risk of uterine cancer or infection. Additionally, spaying performed on your pet before the age of 2 years greatly reduces the risk of breast cancer, lethal in roughly half of dogs and 90 percent of cats. Similarly, neutering prevents many diseases of the genital and urinary system, including testicular tumors, hyperplasia (enlargement), prostate infections, perianal tumors, perineal hernias and prostatic cysts, all of which are prone to occur later in life.

Behavioral Benefits
Although these cycles vary from animal to animal, an intact female cat will generally go into heat for four or five days every three weeks or so during the mating season. During this time, females will loudly yowl and urinate as much as possible in as many places as possible (including your floor and furniture) to attract mates. However, female dogs and cats that have been spayed will no longer go into heat, preventing these behaviors.

In male dogs, neutering reduces both dog-on-dog aggression and a tendency to roam away from home. Both of these behavioral issues are in great part born out of the desire for a mate. The dangers of the former are obvious, and a free-roaming dog may be subject to a variety of hazards, including traffic, poisoning, other animals, abuse, and high-kill shelters. Male cats experience similar behavioral benefits and are also less likely to urinate indoors to mark their territory.

The Process
Before we can begin, Pre-Anesthetic blood work is required. This will check the status of the kidneys and liver. Because the kidneys and liver are responsible for filtering the anesthesia out of the bloodstream, a problem with either of these major organs might pose a threat to your pet’s safety during surgery. These problems may be asymptomatic, invisible until revealed by the blood work, and can affect even young pets.

After the blood work confirms that we can safely proceed, your pet will be given an injection for sedation. During this time, an IV catheter will be placed to allow for fast and easy drug administration in the case of an emergency. One of our trained veterinary technicians will perform surgical monitoring. This entails the technician keeping the surgeon informed about important factors; such as the patient’s temperature, blood pressure, respiration, oxygen level, and heart rate.

After the surgery is complete, your pet will be put in a recovery area. The patient will be given pain relief medication and diligently observed until he or she is awake. At World of Animals at Bensalem, we recommend your pet wear an Elizabethan collar (cone) at home to prevent licking at the incision and continuing medication for the pain. In the two weeks following the procedure, your pet will need to be well-rested, and activity that is unnecessary should be limited.